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medicinal plants in ghana

Dec
09

medicinal plants in ghana

The results of a preliminary antimicrobial screening of the methanol extracts of Aframomum melegueta, Piper guineense, Xylopia aethiopica, Zingiber officinale, medicinal plants of Ghana, are reported. Ethnopharmacological Relevance . The study provides the foundation to reconstruct lost or discontinued Ghanaian plant uses in local or ethnopharmacological contexts. Herbal treatment is a primordial medicinal approach that offers Ghana’s populace with secure, efficient and inexpensive cure since time memorial. It has been described how plant medicine in Ghana is administered together with other herbal ingredients (Abbiw, 1990, Schumacher, 1827, Soelberg et al., 2015). The sheer number of these plants shows just how important medicinal plants are in rural African communities. This provides a unique opportunity to gain insight to the historical materia medica of Ghana and compare this to contemporary medicinal plant uses. Three extraordinary, historical documents stemming from observations made in 1697, 1803 and 1817 quote medicinal plant uses among the Fante, Ga and Ashanti people of present-day Ghana, and can be linked to original botanical specimens in European herbaria. The scientifically strong voucher material allowed for identification of a high number of historical medicinal plants and their roots in traditional Ghanaian medicine systems 2–300 years ago. Medicinal Plants Used in the Treatment of Mental and Neurological Disorders in Ghana. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants @inproceedings{Iwu1993HandbookOA, title={Handbook of African Medicinal Plants… Their population is negligible hence they are classified as endangered species. Of the specific historical uses, 41 (31%) were traced among contemporary medicinal plant uses in Ghana and represent some of the most important Ghanaian medicinal plant … Natural radioactivity levels in some selected medicinal plants commonly used in Ghana from the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine were investigated to determine the activity concentration and the annual committed effective dose due to naturally occurring radionuclides of 238 U, 232 Th and 40 K. The activity concentration was determined using gamma-ray spectrometry. Of the specific historical uses, 41 (31%) were traced among contemporary medicinal plant uses in Ghana and represent some of the most important Ghanaian medicinal plant species. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Opened in March, 1890, and covering 64.8 hectares and overlooking the Accra coastal plain from an elevation of 370 to 460 metres above sea level, the Aburi Botanic Garden is a must experience for every Ghanaian as well as visitors to Ghana." Medicinal plants traditionally used by the indigenous peoples of North America; Naturopathic medicine; Wikispecies; Notes. 50,000 tons of medicinal plants are consumed annually (Esenam et al., 2007). Different parts of the plants … Jan 30, 2013 - "The Aburi Botanic Garden is one of the most beautiful, peaceful and fascinating places in Ghana. The provision of information on medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Ghana in this narrative can serve to promote a more rational medicinal use of these plants. We offer you comprehensive solutions from one hand. /* View slug: ghana-products-menu-2col-2 - start */ Neolife Products, Ghana Contact: 0208520993, 0245703180 for more enquiries and orders. Among the Ga, two medicinal plants species have become rare or locally extinct, and thus the vast majority of the loss of knowledge appears to be due to cultural extinction. The Market Insider for medicinal plants & natural ingredients provides market intelligence on the production and international trade of selected botanical raw materials and value-added forms such as extracts and oils. /* ----------------------------------------- */, A wide range of different types of product is available: voacange, griffornia, annatto seeds, colanuts. Prominence was placed on the choice of a clinic that has the highest production and use of medicinal plants in Ghana. (Gramineae), Mangifera indica L., Tetrapleura tetraptera Schum Taub. Ghanaian Medicinal Plants Abstract Objective: Malaria is a major public health problem in Ghana and many indigenes, especially those in rural areas, resort to the use of medicinal plants to treat the disease. The following medicinal plant species were found to be used against TB in Greater Accra and Eastern parts of Ghana: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Medicinal plants from Ghana - GEPA Buyer Portal. padding: 5px 20px 5px 20px !important; Historical versus contemporary medicinal plant uses in Ghana. The objective of this study is to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria through ethno-botanical studies to facilitate the discovery of new sources of drugs. Cola . .gc-ghana-product-custom-menu a { The plants: Persea americana Mill. Some of them are considered medicinal plants and are increasingly applied in pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Currently there is no specific antiviral drug to treat this new respiratory disease. Strategies for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants in Ghana 10.1 Combating Bush Fires 10.2 Re-afforestation of Lands Degraded by Mining Activities 10.3 Effective Education on Sustainable Faming Practices 10.4 Promotion of Medicinal Plant Farming 10.6 Capacity Building for Medicinal Plant Framers 10.7 Improving Research and Documentation of Medicinal Plants 10.8 … Warm and cold water extracts were prepared from the 17 dried plant species and tested in vitro in the scratch assay with NIH 3T3 fibroblasts from mice. … Some of them are considered medicinal plants and are increasingly applied in pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Medicinal plants continue to be used in various cultures of the world as safe therapeutic agents against various issues including pain and inflammation which underlie almost every disease process. It concerns especially raw materials, which are exported to China and EU markets, where they will be processed into final products. This could provide the foundation for reconstruction of historical medicinal plant uses in evidence-based modern contexts. Tel: + 233-303-971833 Rooted in the rich world of plants and fungi are many of the world's most sought-after medications. Native to western Africa, the cola plant is related to the cacao, which is used to make chocolate. /* ----------------------------------------- */ The range of native plants is very diverse. In Ghanaian traditional medicine, various parts of several plants have been used alone or in combination of therapies for the treatment of various painful inflammatory conditions. padding: 5px 20px 5px 20px !important; Medicinal plants are harvested in the wild. It’s impossible to mention all the plants in Ghana in this post, which is why we have selected a number of plants. /* ----------------------------------------- */ Mostly women, individuals and smallholders involved. However, 93 (69%) of the historical uses could not be traced and appears to be discontinued or forgotten. /* ----------------------------------------- */ By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. A total of 15 medicinal plant species distributed between 13 genera and 13 families were documented. Stem bark (Meliaceae), Hygrophila auriculata Heine, whole plant (Acanthaceae), Chenopodium ambrosioides L. leaves (Amaranthaceae), … This plant is commonly used for arthritis, digestive problems, as a diuretic and for reducing high cholesterol. Also known, as Siamese Cassia where its local name is, Abootre. The African bush elephants are found inside the Mole National park. Verified Phone E-mail Map Website Products (3) Photos (4) 2. In Ghana, plant medicine abounds in generous quantities and in many instances, it is the only treatment option available. The interests of the sector are represented by the Botanical Plant Exporters Association of Ghana (BOPA). At least 52% of the historical vernacular names appear to still be in use today. Medicine: Seeds are used in the treatment of hernia. 3. used TK to document information on medicinal, veterinary, food and pest control uses of numerous woody plants in West Africa (Dalziel, 1937; Irvine, 1961; Ayensu, 1978; Abbiw, 1990). In Ghana, species of the same genus are called “onyame bewu na mawu” (Twi), which signifies “if God is dead, then I will die too.” The hardiness of the genus is evident to many Africans, because Nago people in Benin call it “cakankou” (Tchá), which means “I cannot die.” Inventing New African Names for Unknown Neotropical Plants. A list of plants commonly cited for their medicinal uses in Ghana has also been given. Most of the plants are common in Ghana. These can also offer evidence-based data for clinical development of many of these potential medicinal plants. In this respect, a continuous supply of compressed air for medical use is of key importance. Ghana has a large variety of native and introduced plants. By: NestMedia Traditionally, information on the diversity and uses of medicinal plants (Herbs) in Ghana is only made known through ethnobotanical studies by some individual researchers. Elaeis guineensis. Medicinal plants are gradually gaining prominence in scientists' search for potential treatment agents for COVID-19. The “forgotten” historical uses warrant further studies to determine the pharmacological activity of these plants. It’s impossible to mention all the plants in Ghana in this post, which is why we have selected a number of plants. /* ----------------------------------------- */ Well-known for the insect-repellent properties of its oil, the neem tree is widespread in Ghana, where it grows to heights of up to … This plant also contains chlorophyll, which is … The increasing trade of medicinal plants contributes significantly to Ghana’s ambition to grow and diversify exports of Non Traditional Exports. Download : Download high-res image (144KB)Download : Download full-size image. Fax: + 233-302-675326 According to the South African Journal of Botany, there are 33 plant species and 23 combinations of herbal medicine used for treating STIs and other similar infections. Ghana’s rich and ecologically diverse forests contain hundreds of different plant and tree species. The present study was carried out to investigate the wound healing potentials of 17 medicinal plants historically used in Ghana for wound healing. Most of the identified plants have been scientifically confirmed to possess neuro- and psychopharmacological properties and … /* ----------------------------------------- */ The bark, leaves and fruit of the tree are used as medicinal herbs for a range of ailments, from syphilis to leprosy to rheumatism. The plants: Persea americana Mill. Ghana - Ghana - Plant and animal life: Although soils and biotic factors (i.e., those pertaining to living organisms, including humans) are important, vegetation is primarily determined by precipitation. Stem bark (Meli- aceae), Hygrophila auriculata Heine, whole plant (Acanthaceae), Chenopodium ambrosioides The interviews aimed to document the contemporary uses and names of the plants among the Ga, and to determine to what extent the historical medicinal uses and names are extant. /* View slug: ghana-products-menu-2col-2 - end */ The objective of this study is to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria through ethno-botanical studies to facilitate the discovery of new sources of drugs. Warm and cold water extracts were prepared from the 17 dried plant species and tested in vitro in the scratch assay with NIH 3T3 fibroblasts from mice. The promotion and the associated challenges of medicinal plants in Ghana have also been discussed. Source: adapted from Amanor (1992). Consultants: 0208520993, 0245703180. In Nigeria Morinda lucida is one of the 4 most used traditional medicines against fever. Author links open overlay panel Joseph Mwanzia Nguta a b Regina Joseph Mwanzia Nguta a b Regina Also exports are increasing. There are three principal types of vegetation from south to north occurring in the coastal savanna, in the forest zone, and in the northern savanna zone. Box M146, Accra padding: 0px !important; Botanical names have been linked to an external site for further detail, the sites of choice being PROTA- Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (use Prota4U for search screen, or PROTA4U article list) & West African Plants - A Photo Guide (follow African Plant Database link below photos for description). Search form. Turkey berry is high in iron and helps in the production of red blood cells. The plants used for medicinal purposes are generally referred to as medicinal plants, i.e., any plant in which one or more of its organs/parts contain substances that can be used for therapeutic purposes, or in a more modern concept, the constituents can be used as precursors for the synthesis of drugs. Medicinal plants are used in the treatments of many diseases and illnesses, the uses and effects of which are of growing interest to Western societies. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the cola plant is one of the foremost edibles grown in Ghana. Medicinal plants used to treat TB in Ghana. These ingredients include Aframomum melegueta, Piper guineense, Xylopia aethiopica and Monodora myristica (Abbiw, 1990). The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of diseases including malaria is a common practice in Ghanaian traditional medicine. Email: gepa@gepaghana.org, /* ----------------------------------------- */ In the coming year we’ll add more plants to this list. Ghana has a large variety of native and introduced plants. Forinstance,traditionally,plantsdugfor theirrootsarecoveredupagainwithsoil,allegedlytoensuretheefficiencyofthe medication,butitappearsthepractiseis,ineffect,aconservationmeasure. 4. The utilization of herbal medicines and associated medicinal plants in Ghana has been documented by many authors [e.g., [3–5]] although there are still many indigenous cultures and communities in Ghana that possess a great store of traditional knowledge about herbal medicines for treatment of various human ailments, which are yet to be documented. Such studies, although few in number and isolated, have usually focused on the efficacy of herbs as well as their safety assessment. ul .gc-ghana-product-custom-menu { ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. In Côte d’Ivoire a bark or leaf decoction is applied against jaundice and in DR Congo it is combined with a dressing of powdered root bark against itch and ringworm. , but they also often have symbolic and spiritual significance should plan with.... Chemical agents that when applied correctly stands to be discontinued or forgotten and Latin America Forest Resources FAO. Ambition to grow and collect medicinal plants used to make chocolate and Accra being major. Turkey berry is high in iron and helps in the rich world of plants and are applied! And diversify exports of Non traditional exports and ads, Piper medicinal plants in ghana, Xylopia aethiopica and Monodora myristica (,!, new medicinal uses of Hilleria latifolia and ten other species were recorded the! 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