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spotted wing drosophila traps

Dec
09

spotted wing drosophila traps

Flowery-scented soaps might decrease bait effectiveness. This devastating pest has caused severe damage on soft-skinned fruit crops, which has resulted in large economic losses. Berry growers should set out traps to monitor SWD populations in their fields. The most distinguishable trait of the adult is that the males have a black spot towards the tip of each wing. It is therefore best to make, or purchase two or more SWD traps for your farm, to have the best information about SWD infestation potential. Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. Source: R. Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Now recognized as established throughout Northeast. Sites capturing more than four SWD flies in a week should remain on a protective spray schedule to prevent fruit from becoming infested with larvae. David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist, Christina Howard, Produce Safety Professional. In large fields, traps should also be placed in the field interior at three to four feet high. The Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) is a vinegar fly of East Asian origin that can cause damage to many fruit crops. SWD is a difficult pest to control. No zero catch was obtained at this site. Juliet Carroll, Fruit IPM Coordinator, NYS IPM Program Based on methods tested by Steven Alm, Dept. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Monitoring Traps . What is a spotted wing drosophila fruit fly trap? A male spotted wing drosophila (SWD) on blueberry; another likely SWD is in the background. AKA: vinegar fly, cherry fruit fly, cherry vinegar fly, Drosophila suzukii . Spotted wing drosophila only lay eggs in not-quite-ripe fruit on the plant. April 2013. The most successful traps are described in more detail in the 2014 Recommendations for Sweet Cherry (PDF). Exotic pest profile: spotted wing drosophila - Farm Biosecurity The fly called spotted wing drosophila (SWD, Drosophila suzukii) is emerging as a global plant pest of significance. Look for fruit flies hovering around fruit and symptoms of premature fruit decay. It is therefore best to make, or purchase two or more SWD traps for your farm, to have the best information about SWD infestation potential. It is inexpensive and simple to use. A seven-day spray interval should be adequate in most situations, but a five day interval may become necessary if larvae continue to be present in fruit with the seven day interval. experience indicates that apple cider vinegar is easy to use and effective. We expect populations to increase in the coming weeks as more food (fruit) becomes available for the flies, especially if conditions remain warm and humid. Genus: Drosophila. Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. For the traps: Drill seven or punch 1/8-inch holes near the top of the deli containers, evenly spaced, leaving 1/8 of the rim diameter without a hole so you can pour used bait out that side without it leaking out of a hole. In the field, pour apple cider vinegar into the trap (red plastic cup) until it is about 2 inches deep. Post date: Mar 4, 2013. A new study in Michigan found that spotted-wing drosophila consistently prefer red, glue-covered monitoring traps made of rectangles of plastic or spheres of plastic compared to the most commonly used clear deli-cup traps. Confirmed 2020 trap captures in New York: Counties colored white either don’t have traps reporting to the map or have not entered trap catch data into the … Add fermented bait to containers (about 1½ inches of fluid in the bottom of the cup is enough, snap on the lids, and hang the traps. (A) Materials used in a SWD trap are a clear plastic cup with lid, pure apple cider vinegar, a drop of liquid soap, and wire or twine to hang the trap. Place stake at the edge of the field with the cup attached at about eye height four to six feet. Unfortunately, unlike the native, the spotted wing drosophila also feeds on developing fruit. For mass trapping, such an attractant would be prohibitively expensive. Source: R. Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Dr. Hutchison's lab uses Scentry traps, but you can also make your own vinegar traps. Find more detail here. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) fruit fly numbers have been increasing over the past week in most of the sites that we are monitoring. The flies are most prevalent in the lower, shaded parts of the plants. I used about 5-6 containers in my small raspberry patch. Because these traps may also capture other species of Drosophila, check the trap captures to confirm the presence of spotted-wing drosophila. The SWD was first detected in 2008 in the western United States and it has since rapidly spread Start protective sprays on any berries that have begun to ripen, when more than four spotted wing drosophila flies are caught in a trap, or any larvae are noticed in the fruit. Commercial spotted wing drosophila trap in raspberries. Post date: Mar 4, 2013. Monitoring the adult flight of SWD will be important before grapefruit development this spring. The most effective management plans integrate a mix of cultural, preventative and chemical (either organic or synthetic pesticide) practices. What is a spotted wing drosophila fruit fly trap? Suspect fruit can be collected and inspected for larvae. Due to various restrictions on our monitoring program as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have had to reduce the number of sites we are monitoring this season, but the sites we are able to maintain will hopefully give us a good representation of what is happening around the Southern and Mid-Coast regions with spotted wing drosophila populations. Look for fruit flies hovering around fruit and symptoms of premature fruit decay. Do not take chances with SWD control right now. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps – Monitoring Adult Flight Author: Patty Skinkis, PhD Viticulture Extension Specialist,Oregon State University. The bottom line is that apple cider vinegar works very well as a bait. The soap decreases the surface tension of the bait, making it easier for the small flies to fall in and drown. In my last post I introduced the spotted wing drosophila fruit fly and how damaging it is. The flies are most prevalent in the lower, shaded parts of the plants. Traps are not 100% efficient for individual sites, so we use regional trednds to predict activity. July 7th, 2016. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm Although our Metro Area SWD Network provides one indicator of annual pest pressure, it cannot fully reflect the SWD pressure, or onset of SWD activity, that you experience on your farm. Although our Metro Area SWD Network provides one indicator of annual pest pressure, it cannot fully reflect the SWD pressure, or onset of SWD activity, that you experience on your farm. 207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279. 2020 Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Distribution map. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied. Traps should be visited at least once per week, but preferably twice a week. Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist, Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Unit During each visit, fly samples should be collected from the traps and then the traps should be emptied and replaced with fresh bait. The traps were checked on June 24, 2020. Genus species: Drosophila suzukii. https://extension.umaine.edu/.../insects/spotted-wing-drosophila-traps The adult flies can be monitored using bait traps. of Entomology, Cornell University. These traps are being monitored by the grower at this location. The spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) is a fruit fly, very similar to the native common fruit fly which is often found on decaying fruit. The results of their findings are posted on the Spotted Wing Drosophila blog and a distribution map is generated from the SWD trap network. Outdoor and protected crops, including raspberry, grape, cherry, blueberry and plum. The spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is an exotic vinegar fly originating from South-East Asia and has invaded many American and European countries. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Biocontrol and Integrated Strategies . Current information on registered pesticides for managing SWD is available in the New England Small Fruit Management Guide. Since its introduction and spread in the US from 2008-2012, spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), SWD has presented a huge problem for berry growers. Tribe: Drosophilini. Michigan State University, David T. Handley Growers of the berries on these farms have had an active insecticide program in place for SWD. It will float in the apple cider vinegar drowning solution. For mass trapping, such an … Add just a drop or two of liquid soap to the bait. Claim: A saltwater solution will force insect pests out of infested strawberries. Electric drill or punch with 1/8-inch punch size drill bit. Because of its high fecundity and number of generations, there is a high risk of insecticide resistance. Adult flies are needed to confirm species. The spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is an invasive pest native to Asia that has recently invaded Europe and the Americas. Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit extension.umaine.edu. Filmed and edited by Tiffany Woods. This works better if the drill bit or punch is hot. How to Trap Spotted Wing Drosophila. Monitoring for Spotted Wing Drosophilia (YouTube): This video demonstrates how to use red cup traps in fields for the monitor of the spotted winged drosophila, how to identify males and females, and how to monitor berries for larvae using the “salt extraction method.”. It is easier to deploy and lasts longer in the field, but it is less effective in attracting SWD. A single fly quickly … The online version is free and can be viewed here: For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations around the state, visit our SWD blog, Other IPM Web Pages: Box 179                            17 Godfrey Drive Traps were initially set on June 23. It attacks a range of soft skinned fruit and reduces crop yield and quality through direct feeding damage and … Prepared by Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. First detected in New York in 2011 and presumed distributed throughout New York as of 2012. Integrated pest management (IPM) programs for the spotted-wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) rely on insecticide applications to reduce adult populations and prevent fruit infestation. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm If you would like to monitor SWD in your yard or garden, you can set up an SWD trap. Traps lacking these sticky cards have caught spotted wing drosophila regularly, and the apple cider vinegar only system is quite effective. For the bait: Stir together live yeast, sugar, and water in a container large enough to handle some expansion. For monitoring purposes, the commercial baits available through Trécé perform very well. 3. Users of these products assume all associated risks. When the eggs hatch, the larvae feed inside, which causes one side of the berry to soften and collapse. Making a Spotted Wing Drosophila Fruit Fly Trap I made this trap by taking half gallon milk containers and poking holes in the top half of the container. How to Trap Spotted Wing Drosophila. Traps in wild areas should be hung 1 metre above ground level and out of direct sunlight. In 2012 and 2013, UNH Coop… Contact extension.highmoor@maine.edu or call 207.933.2100. It is easy to construct a monitoring trap for spotted wing drosophila. Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap with whole wheat dough bait – Cornell Fruit Resources (pdf) There is a trap network run by Extension personnel across New York State who are monitoring SWD in fruit plantings. At the start of the production season, it is best to use traps in wild areas of the farm, such as hedgerows and woodland. spotted wing drosophila, trap Correspondence Peter J. Landolt (corresponding author), USDA, ARS, Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory, 5230 Konnowac Pass Road, Wapato, WA 98951, USA. Control of spotted wing drosophila will depend in part on effective baits that can trap flies so their populations can be monitored for early detection and control. This small insect has been in Hawaii since the 1980s, was detected in California in 2008, spread through the West Coast in 2009, and was detected in Florida, Utah, the Carolinas, Wisconsin and Michigan for the first time in 2010. Presence of the pest is the first step to determine future management strategies. SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA (Drosophila suzukii) Although there are native species of fruit or vinegar flies in North America, the spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a relatively new introduction that damages certain fruit crops throughout the country. SWD counts this week have climbed to levels that are considered potentially damaging to ripening berry crops, especially raspberries and blueberries (see table below). Managing SWD is difficult because fruit is susceptible to infestation at first color through harvest. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a highly invasive fruit fly that has spread to many Minnesota counties since being first reported in 2012. Note hole size is important, if it is larger you will trap all kinds of flies making ID much harder. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). There is no known risk to human health posed by ingesting SWD. SWD was present at 50% of the monitored sites last week and is approaching 80% of sites this week. The odor strongly attracts all drosophilid flies, including SWD. Family: Drosophilidae. The red cup trap, two bottle traps, and the Trappit trap. The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. The red cup trap, two bottle traps, and the Trappit trap. This year, our main projects examine the overwintering behavior, alternative host crops, and ability of various trap attractants that will hopefully help better our understanding of these invasive pests. Although monitoring traps are used for early D. suzukii adult detection to time the start … The adults are small (2-3 mm) flies with red eyes and a pale brown thorax and abdomen with black stripes on the abdomen, see Figure 1. Interestingly, the prior week when first catch was obtained on June 17 there were more SWD caught — one male and two females. Note that we no longer recommend yellow sticky cards in SWD traps and that for 2013, we’re encouraging folks to use yeast and sugar baits. This pest can seriously compromise fruit production in infested crops and has a remarkable ability to invade new areas with a diverse range of environments. Traps should be placed in multiples about 25-50 ft. apart, so at least two traps along the field edge and two traps in the field interior in larger fields where the edge is a considerable distance from the field. Many different trap styles and bait mixtures have proven to successfully attract the adults (both males and females). Clear any tall vegetation away from the trap so that it’s easily accessible. Start protective sprays on any berries that have begun to ripen, when more than four spotted wing drosophila flies are caught in a trap, or any larvae are noticed in the fruit. How to make a trap to catch the Spotted Wing Drosophila Fly Amy Dreves, an entomologist with the Oregon State University Extension Service, demonstrates how to make traps out of plastic cups to catch the spotted wing drosophila fly. Spotted Wing Drosophila: 2016 Update and Outlook. I included a video actually showing the larvae crawling around in the raspberry. 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 20, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 9, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 2, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 25, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 21, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 14, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: September 4, 2020, Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: August 28, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: August 21, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: August 14, 2020. Attract and Kill Strategy . Newsletter. In a blueberry planting in Herkimer County six SWD were caught in four traps during the week ending June 30, 2020. In raspberries in Orleans County, 8 SWD were caught in 2 traps (3 males and 5 females). July 17 - Spotted wing drosophila trap captures have escalated this week! Then I filled it with an inch of apple cider vinegar and hung them around the raspberries. Droso Trap - Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap (SWD Trap) Large plastic cup trap spotted-wing drosophila (SWD, Drosophila suzukii), a fly pest of many fruits. Presence of the pest is the first step to determine future management strategies. Spotted wing drosophila flies can be monitored with apple cider vinegar baited cup-traps. of Plant Sciences and Entomology, University of Rhode Island, Richard Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station and Greg Loeb, Dept. Subfamily: Drosophilinae. Filmed and edited by Tiffany Woods. This is an invasive pest that has been showing up on the East Coast the last few years. 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